Information about Dhaincha
Dhaincha is a pulse crop, which is cultivated for green manure and seeds. Green plants of Dhincha are used to prepare green manure. Farmer brothers use green manure to increase the fertility of the field. It is very effective in increasing the fertility of the land. Its cultivation also increases the fertility of the land, as well as plants supply nitrogen in the soil. Its plant is 10 to 15 feet in height, and does not require any special climate for plant development. In India, Dhicha is cultivated along with the Kharif crop, and subsidies are also being provided by many state governments for the cultivation of dhaincha.
In which 80% discount is given on the purchase of seeds to encourage the farmers to cultivate Dhaincha. Through the scheme, a farmer can take only 120 KG of seed for one time crop. If you are also planning to do the cultivation of dhaincha by providing subsidy, then in this article you are being given information about what is dhaincha, how to cultivate dhaincha and the price and subsidy of dhaincha seed.
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What is a ditch (Dhaincha)
Dhaincha is a chive-like plant, whose botanical name is Sesbania Bispinosa. Rope is prepared from the bark of its tree, and it is also used as a dry manure. In Rajasthan, its plant is called by the name Ikad. It grows profusely in moderately hard soil and in rainy season. It is counted in Kharif crop.
Soil and climate in the cultivation of dhaincha (Dhaincha Cultivation Soil and Climate)
For good yield of dhaincha, grow its plants in black clay soil. Apart from this, it can be grown in any type of land to take production of green manure. Its plants grow well even in normal PH value and waterlogged land.
Plants do not require any special climate in the cultivation of dhaincha. But for best yield, it is grown with Kharif crop. Its plants are not affected by hot and cold climates, but the plants need normal rain.
Normal temperature is suitable for dhaincha plants. Yields can be affected if temperatures stay below 8 degrees Fahrenheit for extended periods of time in winter.
Improved varieties of Dhincha (Dhincha Improved Varieties)
- Punjabi Dhincha 1 :- This variety of Dhincha matures very rapidly. The seeds that come out in it are thick and matte in color. The plant of this variety is ready for harvesting 150 days after sowing. This variety is mainly grown for green manure.
- CSD 137 :- This variety can be grown in alkaline soil, as well as growing dhaincha plants in such land reduces the alkaline quality in the soil. The seed of this variety is fully ready in about 130 to 140 days after transplanting. This variety gives 20 to 30 tonnes of yield per hectare of land.
- Hisar Dhincha-1 :- Hisar dhaincha plants are ready to give early yield, it is mainly grown for green manure. Whose production per hectare is 15 to 20 tons.
- CSD 123 :- This variety of dhaincha is suitable for water absorbing land. Apart from this, it is also grown to reduce the alkaline quality in the soil. In this, the plants start giving yield about 120 to 130 days after transplanting. Whose production per hectare is 20 to 25 tons.
- Pant Dhincha-1 :- This variety is mostly grown in Uttar Pradesh. It is mostly grown as green manure. The plant produced in this variety of Dhincha gives very high yield, whose production per hectare is more than 30 tons. The seeds that come in it are of normal size and matte color.
Preparation of the field of Dhincha (Dhincha’s Field Preparation)
Before planting Dhaincha plants in the field, plow the field with soil-turning plows. After plowing the field deeply, leave it open. After this, add 10 carts of old rotten dung manure per acre in the field and mix it well in the soil. After that plant it in the field. After palev, when the land of the field becomes dry, sprinkle chemical fertilizers and get the rotavator to run. After which the field is leveled by applying pat.
Time and method of sowing seeds of Dhincha (Dhincha Sowing Seeds Time and Method)
The seeds of Dhincha are planted in the flat field through a drill machine. Through the drill, the seeds of dhaincha are planted in the same rows as mustard. In this, a distance of one foot is kept between row to row, and the seeds are planted around a distance of 10 cm. In small land, transplanting of dhaincha seeds can also be done by spraying method. In this, the seeds are sprinkled in the flat field, and then two light plowing is done with the cultivator. In this way the seed will get into the soil. In both the methods, the seeds of dhaincha should be planted at a depth of 3 to 4 cm. To take green manure crop, seeds of Dhincha are sown in the month of April, and to get the yield, the seeds are planted in the rainy season at the time of Kharif crop. About 10 to 15 kg of seeds are sufficient in one acre of field.
Method of making green manure (Green Manure)
In the method of making green manure, manure is grown in the same field in which green manure has to be prepared. In this, pulses and non-pulse crops are plowed at the appropriate time and pressed for decomposition in the soil. The roots of pulse crops emit symbiotic bacteria into the soil, and make soil stable by exploiting nitrogen in the atmosphere. Due to the use of dependent plants, nitrogen remains in the soil, which is used in the next crop.
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Subsidy on Dhaincha Seeds (Dhaincha Seed Subsidy)
Haryana government is giving 80 percent discount on the purchase of seeds to the farmers as an incentive for cultivating Dhaincha. In which a farmer will be able to get maximum 120 KG Dhaincha seeds. To get seed subsidy, farmers can apply till April 25 by visiting the official website of Agriculture Department, Haryana agriharyana.gov.in. All the farmer brothers of the state will have to go to Meri Fasal Mera Byora Portal and get registered to take advantage of the scheme. In this, a farmer will get a discount on only 120 KG seeds. The government is providing seeds to the farmers for the dhaincha crop during the Kharif season. Under the scheme, farmers will have to pay only 20% amount on the purchase of Dhaicha seed.
Irrigation of Dhaincha plants (Dhaincha Plants Irrigation)
Dhaincha plants require moderate irrigation. Irrigation of plants 4 to 5 times is suitable till the yield is ready. Since the seeds of dhaincha are planted in moist soil, the first irrigation should be done after about 20 days. After this, give water for the second and third time at an interval of one month.
Weed control in the field of Dhincha (Dhincha Field Weed Control)
In dhaincha cultivation, only one to two hoeing is required to destroy the weeds. In which the first weeding is done about 25 days after sowing the seed and the second weeding is done after 20 days.
Plant diseases and treatment of Dhincha (Dhaincha Plant Diseases and Treatment)
Very few diseases are seen on Dhicha plants. But the attack of insect larva reduces the yield of plants. The larva of its insect eats the leaves and branches of plants and destroys them. To prevent this disease, spray the solution of surf or the decoction of Naam on the plants of Dhincha.
Harvesting of Dhincha CropYield and Seed Price (Dhincha Crop Harvesting, Yield and Seed Price)
Dhaincha crop is ready for harvesting in about 4 to 5 months. When the color of its plants starts to appear golden yellow, then cut the branches of the beans, and the remaining part can be used as fuel. After drying its beans in the sun, they take out the seeds with the help of a machine, after which they sell them in the market.
One acre of field yields about 25 tonnes. The market price of dhaincha seed is Rs 40 to 42 per kg, according to this, farmers can earn good income by getting seeds from the brother crop.
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