Information related to Orange Cultivation
Orange is cultivated for its citrus fruit. Orange is a juicy fruit, which is cultivated the most in India after mango and banana. Oranges are mainly used for food. It can be eaten by peeling or extracting the juice. Orange juice is very beneficial. Its juice provides coolness by removing fatigue and stress of the body. This fruit is also beneficial in many diseases. Jams and jellies are prepared using its juice.
Orange has a dry climate, due to which its plants do not need much rain to grow, and the fruits need heat to ripen. In India, orange is cultivated in Gujarat, Rajasthan, Haryana, Punjab, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh and Himachal Pradesh. Here you are being given information about how to do Orange Cultivation and when and where the cultivation of oranges takes place.
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How to Cultivate Oranges (Orange Cultivation)
If you want to cultivate oranges, then you must get all the information related to its cultivation. Here you are being given complete information related to the cultivation of oranges.
Selection of suitable land and climate for cultivation of oranges (Oranges Cultivation Suitable Land and Climate)
The land should not be waterlogged in its cultivation. Orange plant gives good yield in light loamy soil. The land with pH value of 6.5 to 8 is suitable for the cultivation of oranges. Orange plants have a hot and dry climate, due to which they need very little rain. In winter, its plants are affected by cold, and winter frost is harmful for agriculture. Its fruits ripen well in the sun. Initially, 20 to 25 degree temperature is appropriate during transplanting, and 30 degree temperature is required for plant development. In winter, orange plants tolerate minimum temperature of 10 degrees and maximum of 35 degrees.
Improved varieties of oranges (Oranges Improved Varieties)
- Sikkim :- This variety is also known by the name Khasi. These varieties are mostly grown in the eastern parts of India. In this, the branches of the plant are more leafy and thorny. Fruits with soft surface come out in it. Which is light yellow in colour. One tree yields 80 kg of fruit at a time, which produces a large number of seeds.
- Coorg :- The plant is straight and deep in this variety of orange. Its one tree gives a yield of 80 to 100 KG. The peel of this fruit is easily removed, and 10 buds are found inside one fruit. It also contains a lot of seeds. This variety matures in the month of February and gets ready.
- Nagpuri :- It is a high yielding variety of orange, which is liked all over India. Its plant starts giving yield after 4 years of transplanting. A full grown plant gives a yield of 120 to 150 kg, and one fruit gives 10 to 12 buds. In which juice is also very high.
- Kinnu :- It is a hybrid variety of orange, prepared by crossing willow leaf and king. The peel of the fruit coming out of this variety is thicker than normal, and the fruit is more juicy. Because of which this fruit has more commercial importance. Its one plant gives the production of 100 KG fruits. This fruit turns yellow when ripe, which is ready in the month of January or February.
- Kinnu Nagpur Seedless :- This variety of orange has been developed by the Center of Excellence for Citrus. This variety gives yield equal to Nagpuri orange. Its fruits do not contain seeds, and the fruit appears yellow when ripe.
Apart from this, there are many improved varieties, which are grown in many places according to their yield. This includes Cara, Jaffa, Daisy, Sumithra, Butwal, Clementine, Nagar, Washington Naval Orange, Danky and Darjeeling varieties.
Preparation of orange field (Orange Field Preparation)
Once planted, the orange plant gives fruit yields for many years. Therefore, in the beginning, the remains of the old crop are removed by deep plowing of the field. After this, apply cultivator and get it plowed diagonally. After plowing, level the field by applying a pat. After this, prepare the pits in a row at a distance of 15 to 18 feet in the flat field. These pits should be one meter wide and deep in size. When the pits are ready, fill the soil mixed with cow dung in these pits, and give deep irrigation. After that cover them with casserole.
preparing orange seedlings (Orange Seedlings Preparing)
Planting of orange plants is done by preparing their seedlings in the nursery. For this, in the beginning, orange seeds are mixed with ashes and dried. After drying the seeds, they fill the soil in polythene bags and plant them in the nursery. Two to three seeds should be grown in a bag. These seeds germinate in two to three weeks.
Destroy and remove weak plants from these germinated seeds, and keep healthy plants only. After this, when the plant becomes two feet tall, then using technical medium for planting seedlings, prepare grafted plants.
Apart from this, if farmers want, they can also buy saplings from nurseries registered by the government. This will save the time of the farmer brothers and the yield will also be available soon. Purchased plants should be one to two years old and absolutely healthy.
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Irrigation of Orange Plants (Orange Plants Irrigation)
Orange plants need more irrigation in the beginning. Therefore, give proper amount of water to the plants. The first irrigation of plants should be done immediately after transplanting. Water the orange plants once a week in summer and once a month in winter. A fully grown plant has to be given 4 to 5 irrigations in a year, so that the fruits and flowers can come on the plants on time.
Planting method and time (Planting Method and Time)
Prepare the orange plants and plant them in the pits prepared in the field. For this, a small mattress is made from the hoof in the prepared pits. After this, the plants are removed from the polythene in these pits, and the plants are covered with soil.
Irrigation of Orange Plants (Orange Plants Irrigation)
Its plants have to be irrigated more in the beginning. Therefore, give proper amount of water to the plants. During this, water is given immediately after planting the plants in the field. Water the plants once a week in summer and once a month in winter. A full grown orange plant needs only 4 to 5 irrigations in a year.
Weed control in orange cropOrange Crop Weed Control)
To protect the orange crop from weeds, weeding is done. The first weeding of the crop is done about 20 to 25 days after transplanting. After this, whenever weeds are seen in the crop, then weed it. By hoeing, the roots of the plants get adequate amount of air, and the plant also starts developing properly. Apart from this, if the vacant land is seen between the plants, then plow it. So that weeds do not take birth in the field.
Diseases and treatment of orange plantsOrange Plants Diseases and Treatment)
- Citrus Cancer Disease :- This disease attacks orange plants during the rainy season. Initially, yellow spots appear on the plants affected by this disease, which enlarge and take the shape of blisters. To prevent this disease, spraying of streptocycline or blightox is done on the plants.
- Anthracnose :- This type of disease is also known as die back. The plant affected by this disease starts drying from top to bottom. After which the leaves of the plants turn yellow and dry up. You should cut and remove the diseased branches, and spray Carbondazim on the plants, and apply Bordeaux mixture on the top of the cut branches.
- Gum disease:- It is also called by the name of gummosis. This disease destroys the entire plant. Initially the plant affected by this disease looks like scorching disease, and gum starts coming out from the plants. To prevent this disease, spray Ridomil or Focetile on the roots of plants.
- Root rot: Root rot disease is caused by water logging. This disease dries up the upper part of the plant, causing the leaves to turn yellow and fall. To prevent this disease, spray Carbondazim on the plants.
- Found bug :- This is an insect disease, which damages the orange plants by sucking them. For the prevention of this disease, spray pyrethroids on the plants.
- Citrus Silla :- This is also an insect-borne disease, which emits fluid by sucking the sap of the leaves, whose effect is visible on the leaves and fruits of plants. In this, prune the diseased fruits, leaves and branches or spray Monocrotophos on the plants.
Caring for Orange Plants (Orange Plants Caring)
The orange crop also needs care. To take care of the plants, the plants planted in the field have to be protected from strong sunlight and winter frost in the beginning. Apart from this, when the plant starts giving fruits, then after plucking the fruits, cut and remove all the dry branches, as well as cut and separate the diseased branches. So that it is easy for the new branches to be born and the yield can also be higher.
Harvesting yield and benefits of orange fruit (Orange Fruit Harvesting Yield and Benefits)
Orange fruits are ready for harvesting in the month of January to March. When the color of the fruits appears attractive and yellow, then cut them along with the stalk. This can keep the fruit fresh for a long time. The orange fruits are plucked and wiped with a wet cloth to clean them, and then dried in a shady place. After this, fill them with dry grass in a ventilated box. These boxes are packed and sent to be sold in the market. The yield of oranges can be more or less depending on the care of the plants. A tree of an improved variety of orange gives a yield of about 100 to 150 kg of fruit. More than 100 saplings can be planted in one acre of field. According to which its total one-time yield can be 10,000 to 15,000 KG. The market price of oranges varies from Rs.10 to Rs.30 per kg. Farmer brothers can earn two lakhs from a one-time crop of oranges from one acre of field.