Cultivation of Gooseberry (Carissa Carandas) | Cost and Earnings – Advantages and Disadvantages of Gooseberry

Information related to the cultivation of gooseberry (Carissa Carandas)

Cultivation of Karonde is proving to be very beneficial for the farmers. Farmers get more profit from this crop, as well as they do not even need to take care of them. The plant of Karonda is bushy thorny, due to which wild animals cannot harm the trees, and the crop is also good. You can grow it by planting it around any crop. It is an evergreen plant, which can be planted in any season. The fruit of Karonda is found in rainfed areas.

In India, Karonda is produced in the states of Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Chhattisgarh, Gujarat and the Himalayas. If you are also wanting to do the cultivation of Karonde, then in this article you will get Giving all the information like how to cultivate Carissa Carandas, and cost and earnings in farming – advantages and disadvantages of gooseberry.

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cranberry fruit (Cranberry Fruit)

The fruit of Karonda is more sour in taste, but it is a very beneficial fruit from the point of view of nutritional and health. It has a characteristic odor with acidic taste. Carondas are used to make favorite products like jellies, karonda creams, juices and sauces. Its raw fruit is sour and astringent, which is well used for making pickles and chutneys. The imitation cherries make salt products by drilling holes in its underripe fruits, which can be stored at low temperatures for 5 to 6 months. Apart from this, it is used in place of colored cherries in decorating sweets and pastries.

Nutritious and medicinal properties in KarondaKaronda Nutritional and Medicinal Properties)

The fruit of Karonda is said to be a treasure trove of nutritious elements. Vitamin ‘C’, carbohydrates and pectin are found in abundance in it. Dry cranberries contain 2.3 percent protein, 364 calories of energy, 9.6 percent fat, 67.1 percent carbohydrates, 2.8 percent minerals and 39.1 mg of iron per 100 gm. According to the Horticultural Research Institute located in Bangalore, India, Karonda is an excellent source of Pantothenic Acid (Vitamin B5), Thiamine (Vitamin B1), Biotin (Vitamin B7), Riboflavin (Vitamin B2), (Vitamin B6) and Folic Acid (Vitamin B9). is | Due to the vitamins and nutritious elements present in Karonda, it is also used in making Ayurvedic medicines.

Apart from this, it also has many properties, such as: – Raw gooseberry is effective in increasing appetite and quenching thirst, and solid gooseberry is beneficial and interesting. Rich in iron is beneficial in anemia disease, and vitamin C helps in fighting scurvy disease. Extracting juice from the root of its tree and applying it in the chest provides relief from pain, and grinding the leaves and drinking gives relief in fever.

Benefits of eating KarondaKaronda Eating Benefits)

  • It has a good amount of calcium, due to which its consumption is helpful in making bones strong.
  • It has the property of proanthocyanidin, which prevents the growth of cancer cells.
  • Many vitamins are found in Karonde. If you drink Karonda juice, your hair will be shiny and healthy.
  • It contains a good amount of fiber, due to which there is no feeling of hunger. Consuming its juice can reduce obesity.
  • Caronade juice balances cholesterol levels, which reduces the risk of heart attack.

Disadvantages of eating KarondaKaronda Eating Disadvantages)

  • It contains a lot of salicylic acid, which can cause problems like allergies.
  • Cranberries have the ability to absorb vitamin B12, which can cause problems such as bloating and acidity in the stomach. So eat very little karonda.
  • It contains an element called oxalate, which increases the level of urine by 43%, due to which problems like stones or kidney damage can occur.
  • People who have problems with ulcers, gout, arthritis and sciatica, they should not consume Karonda.
  • If you consume more of the carrot juice than you need, you may have intestinal and digestive problems.

The choice of land and climate in the cultivation of KarondaKaronda Cultivation Land and Climate)

Karonda tree is bushy and thorny, due to which it can easily tolerate even hot climates. In India, gooseberry can be easily grown in areas having temperate, hot, dry and semi-arid climate. It is not cultivated in very cold regions. Cultivation of Karonde can be done in any type of land like: – Usar, barren, grass land, stony-stony and reflux land of Chhattisgarh. Proper drainage sandy, loamy and land with 6 to 8 PH value is considered good for the crop of Karonda.

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Improved varieties of Karonde (Karonda Improved Varieties)

About 30 species of Karonda are grown all over the world, out of which 4 species are grown in India. In this, Carissa carandas is the most famous species of India. The improved varieties of Karonde are as follows:-

  • Carissa Grandiflora :- The gooseberry that comes out in this variety of plants is round in shape, thin peel and dark red in color. This variety is grown for domestic use. It contains high amounts of vitamin C, from which jelly is prepared.
  • Carissa Idulisa :- This variety is suitable for fences. The flowers coming out are fragrant, light red and white in color, and the fruit is round oval and red in color, which turns black when ripe. One plant gives 25 to 30 KG of fruits.
  • Pant Manohar :- The plant of this variety is of low height like a bush, in which the fruits coming out are dark pink and white in color. The average weight of one fruit is 3.49 GM. One fruit yields 3-4 seeds, and each bush produces 27 KG of fruit.
  • Pant Sudarshan :- In this variety also the plants are of low height, in which the fruits are white in color with pink aura. Its one bush gives 29 KG fruits, and the average weight of one fruit is around 3.46 GM.
  • Pant Swarna :- The plant that emerges in this variety is bushy with high height. The fruit that comes out is dark green with a light brown aura, which turns dark brown when ripe. There are 4 to 6 seeds in one fruit, and the average fruit weight is 3.62 GM. 22 KG fruit is produced from its one bush.
  • CISH Cranberry – 2 :- This variety has been developed by the Central Institute of Subtropical Gardens located in Lucknow. It is a short ripening variety, in which the color of the fruit that emerges is red and the weight is up to 6 gm. 35 to 40 KG fruits are obtained from its one bush.

Preparation of Karonde seedlings (Karonde Seedlings Preparation)

Karonde plants are prepared through seeds. For this, seeds are taken out from fully ripe fruits, and they are sown in the nursery. 30 to 60 days old plants are filled in transparent foil and collected in a shady place. Irrigation is done in the absence of rain. After completion of two years, the seed plant is ready for transplanting. Flowers come late in plants grown from seeds. To get good yield in less time, prepare the plants by vegetative method like: – Gooty and cutting method. The plant prepared by cutting or budding method starts giving fruit in less time than seed.

Transplanting of Karonde Plants (Tansplanting Karonda Plants)

The month of July to August is suitable for transplanting Karonda plants, and in irrigated places, transplanting can be done in the month of February to March also. For planting plants in the form of flood, a distance of 1 meter is kept between plant to plant. The Karonde garden is drawn rectangular at 3 x 3 or 4 x 4 m. For about a month, dig 30-40 cubic shaped pits and fill it with 25 to 30 kg of rotten dung manure per pit. Plants are planted in these pits and covered well with soil.

Fertilizer in the crop of Karonda (Karonda Crop Manure)

For good yield of Karonde tree, it is necessary to give proper amount of nutrients. For this, in the first year of planting seedlings, give 5 kg cow dung, 150 g single super phosphate, 100 g urea and 75 g potash. This amount of fertilizer has to be given for three years. After this, give 450 gm single super phosphate, 300 gm urea, 15-20 kg of cow dung manure and 225 gm potash per year to older plants.

Irrigation of Karonda plants (Karonda Plants Irrigation)

Karonda plant is drought free, due to which the plants once established do not need much water. But the plants which are transplanted soon have to be watered during the summer months. Flowers start appearing on the plants during the summer season. In summer the plants should be watered at intervals of 10 to 15 days. Water is not needed in winter, and proper drainage system must be maintained during the rainy season.

Crore production and earnings (Karonda Production and Earnings)

Karonde plants start giving yield after 4 to 5 years of sowing seeds. But it takes only 2 – 3 years for the plants to be ready by guti. After about 2 to 3 months after the fruits appear on the trees, the fruits are ready for harvesting. Harvest the fruits according to the need. Raw fruits are plucked for pickles, vegetables and chutneys. Apart from this, under ripe fruits are plucked to make jelly. Because during this time there is a high amount of pectin in the fruit, which is suitable for making jelly.

A bushy plant of Karonda gives the production of about 15-25 KG fruits. After harvesting, store the fruits of Karonda in a shady place. After this, sort it into categories of small, large and medium sized fruits. After this, send the fruits of Karonda to be sold in the market. The fruit of Karonda remains good for a week at normal temperature. But its mature fruit can be stored only for 2-3 days.

If you can transplant the plants in the field of Karonde keeping a distance of 3 x 3 or 4 x 4 meters. If Karonda is planted at a distance of 4 x 4 meters in the field, then about 625 plants can be planted in one hectare field. If you use a balanced amount of irrigation and manure along with the harvesting of plants, then the plant gives 15-20 kg of fruit in 2 to 3 years. The market price of Karonda is Rs 20-25 per kg. If we remove all the expenses in the cultivation of Karonda, then a net income of 75 thousand to 80 thousand rupees can be earned every year from its garden.

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